Lebanon - Anthony Fleet

Flag of Lebanon - courtesy of google images


After World War I, France was given a League of Nations mandate over Lebanon and its neighbor Syria, which together had previously been a single political unit in the Ottoman Empire. France divided them in 1920 into separate colonial administrations, drawing a border that separated mostly Muslim Syria from the kaleidoscope of religious communities in Lebanon, where Maronite Christians were then dominant. After 20 years of the French mandate regime, Lebanon's independence was proclaimed on Nov. 26, 1941, but full independence came in stages. Under an agreement between representatives of Lebanon and the French National Committee of Liberation, most of the powers exercised by France were transferred to the Lebanese government on Jan. 1, 1944. The evacuation of French troops was completed in 1946.
According to the unwritten National Pact, different religious communities were represented in the government by a Maronite Christian president, a Sunni Muslim prime minister, and a Shiite national assembly speaker. This arrangement worked for two decades.
Civil war broke out in 1958, with Muslim factions led by Kamal Jumblat and Saeb Salam rising in insurrection against the Lebanese government headed by President Camille Chamoun, a Maronite Christian favoring close ties to the West. At Chamoun's request, President Eisenhower, on July 15, sent U.S. troops to reestablish the government's authority.

Facts About Lebanon Today

  • Full name: The Lebanese Republic
  • Population: 4.3 million (UN, 2010)
  • Capital: Beirut
  • Area: 10,452 sq km (4,036 sq miles)
  • Major language: Arabic
  • Major religions: Islam, Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 71 years (men), 75 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Lebanese pound (or lira) = 100 piastres
  • Main exports: Foodstuffs and tobacco
  • GNI per capita: US $7,970 (World Bank, 2009)
  • Internet domain: .lb
  • International dialling code: +961

"CIA - The World Factbook." Welcome to the CIA Web Site — Central Intelligence Agency. Web. 29 May 2011. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/le.html>
  • For each of my topics I like to give a visual display as well as information on the subject. Google images is good at helping me locate websites with good images. I was able to find this website thanks to Google images.
"Lebanon: History, Geography, Government, and Culture — Infoplease.com." Infoplease: Encyclopedia, Almanac, Atlas, Biographies, Dictionary, Thesaurus. Free Online Reference, Research & Homework Help. — Infoplease.com. Web. 29 May 2011. <http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107710.html>
  • Like an image, information is important when creating a project. This website gave me a good amount of information on my topic that I was able to use for my project.
"BBC News - Lebanon Country Profile." BBC News - Home. 14 May 2011. Web. 29 May 2011. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/country_profiles/791071.stm>
  • I want to distinguish each of my pages somehow. For this topic, I decided to put present facts on my page.