Marlon Brando

By: Kiara Jackson

Marlon Brando Jr. was born in Omaha, Nebraska on April 3, 1924. His parents were Marlon Brando Sr. and Dorothy Pennebaker. Having two older sisters, Jocelyn and Frannie, Brando was the youngest of three children. Both his mother and his father were alcoholics, so he was left alone very often. Marlon Brando attended his father's alma mater, Shattuck Military Academy, but he was expelled. While there, he became injured while playing football. This injury is ultimately what kept him from joining the military.

Brando moved to New York in 1943. While there, he studied under Stella Adler at Erwin Piscator's Dramatic Workshop at New York's New School. During his studies. he adopted the method approach to acting. This approach emphasizes characters' motivations for their actions. He was one of the first pioneers of this approach. Marlon Brando made his Broadway debut in I Remember Mama on October 19, 1944. After he starred in Truckline Caf in 1946, New York critics voted him Broadway's Most Promising Actor. Brando's greatest stage role was in A Streetcar Named Desire in 1947. Brando made his film debut in The Men, a movie produced by Stanley Kramer, in 1950. In this role, he played a paraplegic World War II veteran. In 1951, a film version of A Streetcar Named Desire came out. Brando earned his first Academy Award nomination for his role in this film. The movie itself earned four Academy Awards. Marlon Brando was also nominated for Oscars for his roles in Viva Zapata! in 1952 and Julius Caesar in 1954, but he didn't win until he starred in On the Waterfront in 1954. His fifth nomination was in 1957 for Sayonara. From 1955 to 1958, Brando was voted one of the top ten box office draws.

In 1961, Marlon Brando tried his hand at directing. The movie One-Eyed Jacks was his first and last role as a director because he found the editing process to be extremely boring. He turned down the movie Lawrence of Arabia in order to do the film Mutiny on the Bounty in 1962. Not only did the movie flop at the box office, but Brando threw tantrums on set and he tried to change the script. Brando continued to star in many low grossing films until 1972. The Godfather was the highest grossing film at the time and it earned Brando a win for Best Actor at the Academy Awards. He did not appear at the awards show and instead sent a Native American by the name of Sacheen Littlefeather on his behalf. His also refused to accept the award in protest of Hollywood's treatment of Native Americans. His next film, Last Tango in Paris, was very controversial due to the fact that it was rated X. Brando received his last Academy Award nomination in 1989 for A Dry White Season.

Marlon Brando was the second actor to receive a $1 million paycheck. Elizabeth Taylor was the first. By the end of the 1970s, Brando was the highest paid actor in film history. He has been married three times and has at least 11 children. Five of them were with the women he married, three were with his house keeper, and three were from affairs. His son, Christian Brando, was sentenced to 10 years in prison for voluntary manslaughter in March 1991. The man he killed was his sister's boyfriend. Christian was released in January 1996. Brando's daughter, Cheyenne, was in and out of rehab and hospitals all her life. In 1995, she killed herself. Throughout the 1990s, Brando weighed more than 300 pounds. In 2004, Marlon Brando died of pulmonary fibrosis in Los Angeles, California. He was 80 years old.

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Marlon Brando in "A Streetcar Named Desire"

Bibliography"100 Greatest Movie Characters! List." Listal - List the Stuff You Love! Movies, TV, Music, Games and Books. Web. 26 May 2011. <>.
This source was used for a picture. I wanted to use a picture of Brando in The Godfather and I felt that this one was perfect.

"About This Person- Marlon Brando." Web. 26 May 2011. <>.
This source was used for information about Brando's movies. It really went in-depth about what each movie was about, the year it was made, and who starred in it.

Bitter Lilies. Web. 26 May 2011. <>.
This source was used for a picture. I wanted to put a big picture of Brando on here and this one seemed like the perfect size.

"Brando's Ex-wife Tells - Books -" The Age - Business, World & Breaking News | Melbourne, Australia. Web. 26 May 2011. <>.
This source was used for a picture. I felt that I should add a picture of an older Brando, and this was the oldest one I found.

"Marlon & Me." You Offend Me You Offend My Family. Web. 26 May 2011. <>.
This source was used for a picture. I felt that I should include many pictures from when he was younger because that is when he did most of his best work.

"Marlon Brando - IMDb." The Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Web. 26 May 2011. <>.
This source was used for information. It had more information about his awards then the other sites did.

"Marlon Brando Biography and Pictures." Classic Rock Lyrics. Web. 26 May 2011. <>.
This source was used for a picture. I used it because it was the bery first picture that came up when i searched for Marlon Brando.

"Marlon Brando Biography." Web. 26 May 2011. <>.
This source was used for information. It had more information about his early life and family.

"YouTube - Marlon Brando ~ 'Hey Stella!'~ A Streetcar Named Desire ‏." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Web. 26 May 2011. <>.
This source was used for a video. I felt that I needed to display some of Brando's acting and showing this first Oscar nominated performance was the best way to do that.